Bilkent University
Department of Computer Engineering


A Comparative Study of Deep Learning Architectures for Multivariate Cloud Workload Prediction


Derya Gözen
Master Student
(Supervisor: Prof. Dr. İbrahim Körpeoğlu )
Computer Engineering Department
Bilkent University

Abstract: Cloud computing and use of cloud data centers are in high demand due to their benefits to customers including but not limited to low cost, high availability, reliability, robustness and scalability. Cloud service providers are obliged to fulfill service level agreements that promise high quality of service to their customers. This brings out the need for effective and efficient utilization of data center resources, especially the resources of the compute servers. To achieve proactive and effective resource allocation and scaling policies, accurate prediction of workloads in cloud computing environments plays a critical role. Cloud workload prediction is a challenging task due to high dimensionality, variance and complexity of the workload data. In addition, workload prediction models are expected to work with sufficient amount of past observations to correctly learn workload patterns, at the same time, handle longer forecast horizons accurately. In order to tackle this problem and address the challenges, we investigated and compared five deep learning-based schemes for multivariate time series forecasting to predict the CPU utilization of virtual machines in cloud data centers. The performance of the deep learning schemes is analyzed and compared by using two real-world data sets: Alibaba cluster trace and Bitbrains trace. Our study reveals the relative strengths and weaknesses of the compared schemes for cloud workload prediction. We also observed that, among the compared schemes, Encoder-Decoder LSTM Network with Attention is a more effective solution for workload prediction in cloud computing.


DATE: 29 June 2022, Wednesday @ 14:00 Zoom