TECHNICAL REPORT TUD-FI03-05, DRESDEN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE TITLE: Block SOR Preconditioned Projection Methods for Kronecker Structured Markovian Representations AUTHORS: Peter Buchholz and Tugrul Dayar ABSTRACT: Kronecker structured representations are used to cope with the state space explosion problem in Markovian modeling and analysis. Currently an open research problem is that of devising strong preconditioners to be used with projection methods for the computation of the stationary vector of Markov chains (MCs) underlying such representations. This paper proposes a block SOR (BSOR) preconditioner for hierarchical Markovian Models (HMMs) that are composed of multiple low level models and a high level model that defines the interaction among low level models. The Kronecker structure of an HMM yields nested block partitionings in its underlying continuous-time MC which may be used in the BSOR preconditioner. The computation of the BSOR preconditioned residual in each iteration of a preconditioned projection method becomes the problem of solving multiple nonsingular linear systems whose coefficient matrices are the diagonal blocks of the chosen partitioning. The proposed BSOR preconditioner solves these systems using sparse LU or real Schur factors of diagonal blocks. The fill-in of sparse LU factorized diagonal blocks is reduced using the column approximate minimum degree algorithm (COLAMD). A set of numerical experiments are presented to show the merits of the proposed BSOR preconditioner.